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NCDAE: The National Center on Disability and Access to Education

Increasing universal access by
developing educational resources

NCDAE Accessibility Newsletter - October 2006

In this Edition:

Feature Article: Web Captioning in Education

By: Jared Smith - NCDAE

Captioning web multimedia is one of the biggest accessibility issues facing education. Current technology and cost limitations make captioning, especially of live events, prohibitive for many. This article provides an overview of existing web captioning technologies, techniques, and standards and will overview the future of web captioning. The issues in this article will be highlighted in the October 25th NCDAE webcast.

Tips and Tools: Impress (often abbreviated OOo) is a free, open source office suite similar in many ways to Microsoft Office.

NCDAE has created a fact sheet outlining the accessibility features of OOo Impress (similar to PowerPoint). The resource also addresses accessibility considerations with documents exported to other formats, including PDF and HTML.

To read this fact sheet visit

Webcast: Web Captioning in Education

Upcoming Webcast - Wednesday, Oct. 25, 2006

Join moderator Jared Smith on Wednesday, October 25, 2006 at 1PM MST (12:00PM Pacific; 2:00PM Central; 3:00PM Eastern) for the live audio broadcast. The broadcast is free of charge and will last approximately one hour. You will be able to tune in using your computer using either Windows Media Player or Quicktime. Archives (transcript and audio) will be available shortly after the conclusion of the broadcast. The broadcast will be captioned for the deaf and hard of hearing and archives will be available a few days after the conclusion of the broadcast.

To participate in the webcast, visit


A 2005 Disability Status Report developed by Cornell University addresses the education distribution among working-age people (ages 21-64) with disabilities in the United States, using data from the 2005 American Community Survey (ACS). According to the report:

In 2005, among working-age people with disabilities in the US:

In comparison, in 2005, among working-age people without disabilities in the US:

This 2005 Disability Status Report can be found at

More needs to be done to address this disparity in education. One critical step is to ensure that educational materials are accessible to students with disabilities. What else can be done to ensure that people with disabilities are able to attain their educational goals? NCDAE welcomes your comments.

NCDAE Announces

Telecommunications and Electronic and Information Technology Advisory Committee (TEITAC) Subcommittees

TEITAC is a federal advisory committee formed to recommend updates of accessibility guidelines issued under section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act in 2000 and section 255 of the Telecommunications Act. TEITAC members represent over forty industry, disability advocacy, standard-setting bodies in the U.S. and abroad, and government agencies, among others. NCDAE is proud to represent the education sector on this prestigious committee.

TEITAC is currently comprised of eight sub-committees and task forces. Each subcommittee has a wiki page devoted to it. The wiki provides details about committee co-chairs, mailing lists, meeting times, resources, etc.

NCDAE has developed the format for the website and wiki and will provide web hosting and technical assistance for the project.

All TEITAC activities are open to the public. We invite you become involved and contribute to sub-committee and task force activities. For more information or to contribute, please visit the TEITAC website at

Affiliate Highlight: CAST

Center for Applied Special Technology

CAST is a nonprofit organization that works to expand learning opportunities for all individuals - especially those with disabilities - through the research and development of innovative, technology-based educational resources and strategies.

Since 1984, CAST has explored ways to use computer technologies to improve education for all children.In the early years, CAST approached the problem of expanded learning opportunities for people with disabilities by providing or developing assistive technology for individuals.However, as CAST researchers continued to test and refine their vision and principles, they came to a new understanding of how to individualize education using flexible methods and materials.

CAST calls this approach Universal Design for Learning (UDL). UDL offers a blueprint for creating flexible curriculum—i.e, instructional goals, methods, materials, and assessments—that accommodate a wide range of learner differences. Universally designed learning environments make education more inclusive and effective for all.

In two decades of research and development, CAST has earned international recognition for its development of innovative, technology-based educational resources and strategies based on UDL principles. CAST is known as the:

Through strategic collaborations, CAST continues to work on behalf of all learners, especially those with disabilities, by seeding the fields of education research, policy, professional development, and product development with UDL-based solutions.

In the News: Targeting Target

In a precedent setting decision, a judge ruled that a lawsuit brought by the National Federation for the Blind against retail giant Target could proceed.The lawsuit claims that Target's website is not accessible to users who are blind and is therefore in breach of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the California Unruh Civil Rights Act, and the California Disabled Persons Act. Target Inc. countered with a motion for dismissal claiming that these rules applied only to brick and mortar stores, not their online presence.

Federal District Court Judge Marilyn Hall Patel rejected Target's motion and ruled that the case did have enough merit to proceed to trial. While this is only the first step and not a final ruling on the suit itself, it does advance the case for accessibility and serves as a wake-up call to many retailers and web designers.The outcome of this case has the potential to set the criterion for web accessibility for many years to come.

The following are some of the articles regarding the Target lawsuit featured on the NCDAE RSS/News feed: is off-target in usability lawsuit

Target Case Ruling Victory for Accessibility

Ruling has web designers shifting gears

Target v NFB Round-up

Blind group seeks change at

Court Denies Plea for Dismissal

The Importance of Accessibility -Target, the ADA, and how it will affect us all

Target Hit - But is it a Bullseye?

Websites For The Blind: Is This The Next 'Year 2000 Compliant' Requirement?

Target lawsuit tests limits of US web accessibility law

Legal Precedent Set for Web Accessibility

Accessibility Issue Comes to a Head: Target lawsuit could be a test case; new wave of apps concerns blind users

A Timely Reminder

NFB vs. Target in perspective

Taking Aim at Target(.com) lawsuit moves forward

Blind Patrons Sue Target For Site Inaccessibility